Research on Ginseng’s Antioxidant Effect

In the previous post, we looked at the research that proved ginseng’s effect on stress alleviation. In today’s post, I will cover ginseng’s role in antioxidant activity and relevant research that proves its effectiveness.

Ginseng helps with Antioxidant Activity

In the research done by Dae-jeon medical school in Korea, 82 participants (21 men and 61 women) were divided into three groups, the control group and the two groups that received Ginseng extract (1g or 2 g/day) for 4 weeks.

The result suggested that the administration of ginseng extract led to significant decreases in the levels of serum ROS (Reactive Oxygen Species) and MDA (Malondialdehyde). Notably, the total glutathione content considerably improved in the groups that received 2 g of ginseng extract.

…Ok, so what does it mean? What are ROS, MDA, and Glutathione content? Let’s take a look in layman’s term, one by one:

  1. ROS (Reactive Oxygen Species) decreased: ROS is a chemical reactive that increases during times of environmental stress (e.g., UV or heat exposure). This may result in significant damage to cell structures and is also known as oxidative stress. Thus, a decrease in ROS level can be regarded as an antioxidant activity, which is good for our body.

  2. MDA (Malondialdehyde) decreased: MDA is an organic compound that is a marker of oxidative stress. Therefore, a decrease in MDA level can be regarded as a decrease in oxidative stress (=antioxidant activity) as well.

  3. Glutathione content increased: Glutathione is one of the body’s most important and potent antioxidants, produced by our body. It is primarily made up of three amino acids: glutamine, glycine, and cysteine. Glutathione is known to decrease with age. Thus, an increase in Glutathione content means a boost in antioxidant activity in our body.

Ok, that makes sense. In the end, they all indicate that ginseng helps with antioxidant activity.

Some might wonder, “if ginseng helps antioxidant activity, can it help with skincare or anti-aging too?”

YES! It does. In our next story, we will look into two studies regarding ginseng's beneficial effect on skin & anti-aging.


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